Arto's Notes re: Russian



# B s   Name
А а   a
Б б   be
В в   ve
Г г   ge
Д д   de
Е е   ye
Ё ё   yo
Ж ж   zhe
З з   ze
И и   i
Й й   i (short)
К к   ka
Л л   el
М м   em
Н н   en
О о   o
П п   pe
Р р   er
С с   es
Т т   te
У у   u
Ф ф   ef
Х х   kha
Ц ц   tse
Ч ч   che
Ш ш   sha
Щ щ   shcha
Ъ ъ   yer (hard sign)
Ы ы   yery
Ь ь ' yeri (soft sign)
Э э   e
Ю ю   yu
Я я   ya



один, два, три, четыре, пять, шесть, семь, восемь, девять, и десять.

(odin, dva, tri, chetyre, pyat', shest', sem', vosem', devyat', i desyat'.)

  1. один (odin)
  2. два (dva)
  3. три (tri)
  4. четыре (chetyre)
  5. пять (pyat')
  6. шесть (shest')
  7. семь (sem')
  8. восемь (vosem')
  9. девять (devyat')
  10. десять (desyat')


Russian English
он he
она she
оно it
это this/that/it



what что
that тот
why Зачем
when когда
then затем
where где
here вот
there там
how как
who кто
whose чья
this/that/it это



  • Most male beings are masculine, and so are days, towns, and languages.
  • You can nearly always tell the gender of a noun from its ending.
  • Masculine nouns normally end with a consonant or an diphthong.
  • Feminine nouns normally end with or .
  • Neuter nouns almost always end with or .
  • Most nouns ending with (soft sign) are feminine, but there are many masculine ones too; it is necessary to memorize the gender of soft-sign nouns.
  • Nouns ending or which denote males are masculine.
  • If a noun ends with or or , it is likely of foreign origin and neuter.
  • Foreign words denoting females are feminine, regardless of their endings.


  • Russian infinitive forms normally end with -ть (e.g. курить, to smoke).



  • За нас! (To us!)
  • За здоровье! (Cheers! lit. To health!)


See Also